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    History

    The history of the Department of Materials Engineering (DEMAR) Lorraine School of Engineering, University of São Paulo (USP-EEL) began in 1975-1976 with a vision of Dr. José Walter Bautista Vidal, Secretary of Industrial Technology (STI) of the then Ministry of Industry and Trade of Brazil, on a program that would increase the value-added products originated ores of which Brazil possess extensive reserves, a natural vocation of Brazil beyond the production of agricultural products and alternative energy (biomass energy - Alcohol Program). For this, we seek powers in the country that could offer a line of work and set up a national program, but with global reach in the area of specialty metals. His search led him, in 1976, Dr. Garcia Daltro Pinatti, which had been developing pioneering work in the Institute of Physics Gleb Wataghin (IFGW), the University of Campinas (Unicamp), whose focus was beyond the academic aspect: involved creating routes technological and prepare industrial-sized enterprises in special metals such as niobium, tantalum and molybdenum.

    From the strong support of Dr. Bautista Vidal, Dr. Pinatti was chosen to coordinate and put in Lorraine then Niobium Project, whose goal was to develop a revolutionary technological route to produce special metals with high added value with a much lower cost than then practiced worldwide, thus opening new possibilities for applications of these metals for their availability on a large scale and its economic viability.

    After the amounts of federal funds to install in the current USP-EEL Area II fusion plant and refining refractory metals in 1978, the further development of refractory metals processing technology on a pilot scale (nominal production capacity: 40 ton / year) was made into a contract for services with the largest mining company of niobium, the Brazilian company of Metallurgy and Mining (CBMM). This contract service lasted about 10 years, until the CBMM implanted the industrial production of niobium metal.

    The Niobium Project was not restricted only to obtain the metal. The proposed technological development covering the various stages of processing and applications of specialty metals as a whole, their alloys and ceramics associated with particular attention to the metal and ceramic superconductivity and its applications. The focus of the work was multidisciplinary and integrated, ranging from the treatment of ores, mining and metallurgy, to the development of end products and components and equipment requiring the use of these materials. The evolution of Niobium motivated the formation of Refractory Materials Centre (CEMAR), then one of the research centers of the Industrial Technology Foundation (FTI) of Lorena.

    The Niobium Project had a supra-institutional nature and membership of companies and domestic and foreign research institutes was encouraged. A network of science and technology in specialty metals and their applications, with the participation of Group Peixoto de Castro, who donated the Lorraine Prefecture an area of 117,000 m2 for the installation of the Project was formed. This site currently houses the buildings of the EEL-USP Area II. Internationally, mention should be made to the Special Agreement Metals signed between STI and the Ministry of Research and Technology of Germany (BMFT), coordinated by Dr. Klaus Schulze who put the project into contact with Europe's top groups Science and Technology in special materials. The Pinatti Schulze and doctors developed the lines of research to be developed in CEMAR / FTI. In Superconductivity, of great importance was the Bilateral Agreement Brazil - Japan, led by Electrotechnical Laboratory, Ministry of Japan Industrial Technology (MITI). 

    With the state governments of FTI in 1991, CEMAR joined the the FAENQUIL, which in turn had its teaching and research activities transferred to the USP to be extinct in 2006. Thus, the CEMAR / FTI gave rise to the current Department of Engineering EEL of USP materials. The research areas created within the mentioned international agreements are also currently being developed by researchers working in DEMAR.

    In 1988, a major milestone in the diversification of the then research CEMAR was the creation of the Graduate Program in Materials Engineering (PPGEM) in master's and doctoral level. The purpose was to create and renew the body of researchers, preparing qualified human resources to meet the development phase of product applications of metals and special alloys. The program currently has about 20 PhD professors and their research activities are quite comprehensive in matters involving processing, characterization and applications of metals / alloys, ceramics, polymers and composites.

    In 1998, under the coordination of DEMAR, the undergraduate program was created in Materials Engineering. The first class graduated in 2003 and, as a quality parameter achieved in 2006 the course then FAENQUIL of Materials Engineering received the highest score in the National Student Performance Exam (Enade). With the expansion of the activities of EEL-USP, the DEMAR proposed the creation of undergraduate degree in Engineering Physics, started in 2012. In 2013 began the Program of Graduate Studies in Educational Projects Science (PPGPE) whose teaching and research are mainly developed in the EEL-USP Area II. The course creation project aimed to the improvement of socio-educational aspects of sustainable and continuously aimed at vocational training for primary school students in different areas of knowledge related to the exact and biological sciences.